I recently installed Ubuntu on an old Mac Mini, and I ran into a problem where I couldn’t get a bluetooth keyboard to wake the device (actually a Harmony Hub remote, but it presents itself as a bluetooth keyboard). I did some digging and found this offline page which describes a method for enabling wake-from-suspend for USB devices. This is an attempt at slightly simplifying this.

Quoting from that page:

Under SYSFS, a typical USB device connexion chain will ressemble something like /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.0/usb5/5-0:1.0.

To be able to resume your computer with this USB device, you will need to have a wake-up power supply on every active device of the chain. In this way, even with the computer suspended, a minimum power will be supplied to the devices, so that they can send the wake-up signal.

With SYSFS, the power supply of an active device is controlled by its ./power/wakeup file. By simply writing enabled in that file, you are configuring it to get the wakeup power supply during suspended mode.

As an example, to enable wakeup power supply for the root PCI bus we need to write enabled in /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.0/power/wakeup

sudo sh -c "echo enabled > /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.0/power/wakeup"

So to enable a USB device to be used to resume your computer, you simply need to enable every active device on the connexion chain from the PCI bus till the device itself.

It’s as simple as that.

Find USB Devices

Your bluetooth adapter probably shows up as a USB device:

$ lsusb
Bus 002 Device 005: ID 05ac:8242 Apple, Inc. Built-in IR Receiver
Bus 002 Device 008: ID 05ac:828a Apple, Inc.
Bus 002 Device 004: ID 0a5c:4500 Broadcom Corp. BCM2046B1 USB 2.0 Hub (part of BCM2046 Bluetooth)
Bus 002 Device 003: ID 0424:2512 Microchip Technology, Inc. (formerly SMSC) USB 2.0 Hub
Bus 003 Device 002: ID 046d:c52b Logitech, Inc. Unifying Receiver

These are the devices I found on my machine. Below are two scripts which I stole from Nicolas Bernaerts’s website, since it’s down (mainly I posted them here so I can find them again if I need to). Create these two files, run sudo apt install zenity if you don’t have it installed already, and then run /usr/local/sbin/select-resume-devices from a terminal window. Note that you need to run this from the desktop because the script uses zenity to display a dialog to let you pick which devices to enable. Once you pick devices, this will write a file named /etc/udev/rules.d/90-hid-wakeup-enable.rules which will configure these devices at boot time. After you run the script, you need to reboot for changes to take effect.

In my case, I tried enabling sleep for the “Apple, Inc.” device and the BCM2046B1 Hub, and this fixed my problem. Probably I only needed to enable one of them, but I had to reboot for this change to take effect, and I’m too lazy to figure out which one I really need. :P Note that in my case, to enable wake for the bluetooth hub, I had to modify this line in select-resume-devices:

+LIST_DEVICE=(`lsusb | grep -v "0000:0000" | sed 's/^.*[0-9a-f]\:[0-9a-f]* \(.*\)$/\1/g'`)
-LIST_DEVICE=(`lsusb | grep -v "0000:0000" | grep -iv "hub" | sed 's/^.*[0-9a-f]\:[0-9a-f]* \(.*\)$/\1/g'`)

Here are the scripts:


# Script to enable a USB devices to be used to resume computer from sleep
# Depends on udevadm package
# 09/05/2012 - V1.0 by Nicolas Bernaerts

# if device has been removed, exit
[ "$ACTION" = "remove" ] && exit 0

# set PATH as it is not set for udev scripts

# set device SYSFS path

# get device product and vendor name from parent SYSFS
DEVICE_VENDOR=`udevadm info --query=all -p "$CURRENT_SYSFS/../" | grep "ID_VENDOR_ID=" | cut -d "=" -f 2`
DEVICE_PRODUCT=`udevadm info --query=all -p "$CURRENT_SYSFS/../" | grep "ID_MODEL_ID=" | cut -d "=" -f 2`
DEVICE_LABEL=`lsusb | grep "${DEVICE_VENDOR}:${DEVICE_PRODUCT}" | sed 's/^.*[0-9a-f]\:[0-9a-f]* \(.*\)$/\1/g'`

# loop thru the SYSFS path, up to PCI bus
while [ $CARRY_ON -eq 1 ]
  # get the first three letters of current SYSFS folder
  FIRST_LETTERS=`basename $CURRENT_SYSFS | sed 's/^\(...\).*$/\1/g'`

  # if current SYSFS is PCI bus, stop the loop
  if [ "$FIRST_LETTERS" = "pci" ] || [ "$FIRST_LETTERS" = "/" ] ; then

  # else,
    # if possible, enable wakeup for current SYSFS
    if [ -f $WAKEUP_FILE ]; then
      echo "enabled" > $WAKEUP_FILE

    # go to father directory of current SYSFS

# log the action
logger "${LOG_HEADER} - Description : ${DEVICE_LABEL}"
logger "${LOG_HEADER} - SysFS path  : ${DEVICE_SYSFS}"
logger "${LOG_HEADER} - Device is enabled to handle suspend/resume"


# Script to create resume udev rules for USB devices
# Depends on zenity
# 09/05/2012 - V1.0 by Nicolas Bernaerts

# udev file to generate

# set separator as CR

# list all USB devices, excluding root & hubs
LIST_DEVICE=(`lsusb | grep -v "0000:0000" | grep -iv "hub" | sed 's/^.*[0-9a-f]\:[0-9a-f]* \(.*\)$/\1/g'`)

# loop thru the devices array to generate zenity parameter
for DEVICE in "${LIST_DEVICE[@]}"
  # if needed, remove [xxx] from device name as it gives trouble with grep
  DEVICE=`echo "$DEVICE" | sed 's/\[.*\]//g'`

  # add it to the parameters list

# display the dialog box to choose devices
TITLE="Wakeup - Enable USB devices"
TEXT="Please, select USB devices you want to use to resume your computer"
CHOICE=`zenity --list --width=600 --height=250 --text=$TEXT --title=$TITLE --checklist --column "Select" --column "Device name" "${ARR_PARAMETER[@]}"`

# slit the device choice into an array
IFS="|" read -a ARR_CHOICE <<< "$CHOICE"

# if at least one device has been selected, initialise udev rules file
[ ${#ARR_CHOICE[@]} -gt 0 ] && echo "# udev rule for USB wake-up of selected devices" > $UDEV_FILE
[ ${#ARR_CHOICE[@]} -gt 0 ] && echo "#" >> $UDEV_FILE

# loop thru the selected devices to create udev rules
  # get current device data
  DEVICE_DATA=`lsusb | grep "${DEVICE_NAME}" | sed 's/^.*ID \([0-9a-f]*\):\([0-9a-f]*\).*$/\1|\2/g'`
  DEVICE_VENDOR=`echo $DEVICE_DATA | cut -d"|" -f1`
  DEVICE_PRODUCT=`echo $DEVICE_DATA | cut -d"|" -f2`

  # create udev rule for current device
  DEVICE_RULE="SUBSYSTEM==\"usb\", ATTRS{idVendor}==\"$DEVICE_VENDOR\", ATTRS{idProduct}==\"$DEVICE_PRODUCT\" RUN+=\"/usr/local/sbin/enable-wakeup \$env{DEVPATH}\" "

  # add udev rule for current device
  echo "# ${DEVICE_NAME}" >> $UDEV_FILE

# if at least one device has been selected, display notification
TITLE="USB resume enabled"
TEXT="Your USB devices are resume enabled.\nTo finalize configuration you have to do one of these actions :\n- replug USB devices\n- reboot the computer"
[ ${#ARR_CHOICE[@]} -gt 0 ] && notify-send --icon=media-eject $TITLE $TEXT